Albrecht Durer, circa 1505: Portrait of a Venetian Lady.

This image shows a close up of the fabric caul, which appears to be made from a fine, sheer fabric - probably silk. It also appears that the silk fabric is patterned or textured, and there is a firm edge to it, which may be either a rolled hem, or a tiny casing for a draw cord, but this is simply a theory.

The hair underneath appears to be braided, and the ends of the braid fastened at the top of the head. The caul is then put on over, and the braid provides a solid surface to rest against, which helps it to stay on the head. It is not clear how the caul is fastened, but it may be tied either under the chin (as previously the scuffia/cap was) or behind the head. No ties are visible, however, so this is uncertain.






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