Durer, circa 1506: Portrait of a Venetian Lady.
image shows a close up of the fabric caul, which appears
to be made from an opaque fabric, trimmed with
criss-crossing ribbon and decorated that the intersection
with a floral motif, the centre of which contrasts in
texture and colour. It has a firm edge to it, which may
be either a rolled hem, or a tiny casing for a draw cord,
but this is simply a theory.
The hair underneath may have been braided, and the
ends of the braid fastened at the top of the head. The
caul is then put on over, and the braid provides a solid
surface to rest against, which helps it to stay on the
head. It is not clear how the caul is fastened, but in
this case it does not appear to be tied under the chin
(as previously the scuffia/cap was), but may be tied
behind the head. No ties are visible, however, so this is