Albrecht Durer, circa 1506: Portrait of a Venetian Lady.

This image shows a close up of the fabric caul, which appears to be made from an opaque fabric, trimmed with criss-crossing ribbon and decorated that the intersection with a floral motif, the centre of which contrasts in texture and colour. It has a firm edge to it, which may be either a rolled hem, or a tiny casing for a draw cord, but this is simply a theory.

The hair underneath may have been braided, and the ends of the braid fastened at the top of the head. The caul is then put on over, and the braid provides a solid surface to rest against, which helps it to stay on the head. It is not clear how the caul is fastened, but in this case it does not appear to be tied under the chin (as previously the scuffia/cap was), but may be tied behind the head. No ties are visible, however, so this is uncertain.






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