Lorenzo Lotto, circa 1506: Portrait of a Lady.

This woman appears to be wearing two items of headwear. The first item appears to be a netted caul, sewn to a firm edging - a ribbon perhaps. If you follow the line of the ribbon edging down over her ear, beyond where it emerges from beneath the other item of headwear, it appears to disappear behind a bit of hair, then reappear, to be tied wrapped around and in front of the ear. This could indicate that it was either tied under the chin (unlikely as no ties show), or it behind the head - the ears in fact would then form "anchors" for the ties.

The other item of headwear worn on top of the netted caul has the close-fitting, firm-edged appearance of a silk cap.

The hair underneath may have been braided, and the ends of the braid fastened at the back of the head. The caul is then put on over, and the braid provides a solid surface to rest against, which helps it to stay on the head.






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