Woodcut of John Florio, with thanks to Greg Lindahl
A Glossary of Sixteenth Century Italian Words Relating to Costume

A Partial Transcript of John Florio's 1598 edition
of his Worlde of Wordes - an Italian/English Dictionary

Webbed December 12, 2004




The words included in this partial transcript are all related in some way to the topics of male and female dress, accessories, cosmetics, beauty, jewellery, hair and headwear, textiles, and the sewing and embellishing of garments. The Italian words are listed as they appear in the original, but I have modernised the spelling of the English definitions, where a modern spelling exists. This is mostly to make it easier to find a particular word, since period English spelling could be very different and varying. In some cases the word has been left as it appeared in 1598. I highly recommend The Renaissance Tailor's
Tailoring Vocabulary page for any sixteenth century English words which may be unfamiliar. The definitions for most of those words can be found there.

Some entries have been shortened by the omission of definitions that are not specifically relevant to these topics. Grammar and punctuation used is Florio's. Text in brackets is my own. Since I have had to practically decipher the text, both due to lack of legibility, and of course spelling, this ultimately means that I may have made mistakes (the letters u and v, and f and s, were especially problematic). I do not profess to be a linguist, nor conversant with the Italian language. My sole purpose has been to provide a practical and useful glossary of period Italian terms which, I hope, will be of help to those of us out there attempting research into period costume, and related topics, with only a rudimentary, or nonexistent, knowledge of Italian. I hope it is also of use to those who would wish to learn and use the correct period Italian terms instead of English, be it sixteenth century or modern. If you know of any mistakes that I have made please do let me know. This is a work in progress (I will be adding to it from the 1611 edition in time), and despite the fact that it so far it has taken me over a year of work (on and off), I'm happy for it to be so.

As of 12 December, 2004, there are 1,475 Glossary entries taken from all 462 pages of the dictionary. I have also created two shorter, more specific, glossaries -
A Glossary of Fabrics in Sixteenth Century Italian
A Glossary of Colours in Sixteenth Century Italian

 

I am greatly indebted to Greg Lindahl and his SCA Dance page. Greg hosts both the 1598 version, and the 1611 "much augmented", version of the dictionary here

How to cite this Glossary:

Wake, Anabella: A Glossary of Sixteenth Century Italian Words Relating to Costume, (transcribed from Florio's Worlde of Wordes, 1598) 2004, <http://realmofvenus.renaissanceitaly.net/wardrobe/florio.htm>

 




How to use this Glossary

If you have the Italian word and wish to find the English definition, just click on the relevant letter of the alphabet, below, or scroll down the page. If you want to find the English word, use your computer's "Find" function. (Click on Edit -> Find (on this page), or use the Ctrl+F keys) The definitions are in UK English, so look for "gray" instead of "grey", "colour" instead of color, etc. Also please note that in the sixteenth century "stuff" was often used to denote a textile, so if you wish to find fabric names, search with the word "stuff", as well as "cloth". Should you wish to find the original dictionary entry, the number of the page where it can be found is listed with each glossary entry.

A B C D E F G H I L M N O P Q R S T U V Z






Worlde of Wordes

or

Most copious and exact Dictionarie in Italian and English, collected by John Florio

1598


Abbellire -to beautify, to make fair, to deck, to adorn p1
Abbellisco as above p1
Abbellito as above p1
Abellimento -an adorning, a beautifying, an embellishing. Also a painting that women use. p1
Abbigilare -to attire, to apparel, to array, to clothe, to adorn, to set forth or make ready. p1
Abbigliamenti -attire, ornaments, clothes, apparel, furniture p1
Abborrare -to stuff, to quilt, to prepare, to make ready. p1
Accia -any yarn that is to be woven, spinning, crewel p4
Accimare -to shear clothes. Also to trim, to dress, to prank up, to girdle p4
Accioccare -also to tuft, to be-tassel or reduce into locks. p4
Acciucche -trifles, toys, vanities p4
Accollanare -to adorn with chains of gold p4
Accosciare -to sit or cower as women and tailors do p5
Aco/Ago - a needle p6/11
Aco a pomo -a pin with a head p6
Aco da pomolo -a pin p6
Acqua nanfa -sweet washing water p6
Acqua rosa -rosewater p6
Addobbare -to adorn, to set forth, to attire, to enrobe, to dress, to accoutre, to array p7
Addobbamento -an enrobing, an adorning or costly raiment p7
Adornare -to adorn, to beautify, to deck, to trim, to embellish p8
Adornamento -ornament, beauty, trimming, trappings, embellishment, garnishment p8
Adornezza as above p8
Aduolo -mourning. Vestito aduolo - clad in mourning attire. p8
Affaldare -to fold up, to wrinkle, to pucker, to pleat p8
Affuselare -to stretch upon a frame as painters do canvas to paint upon p8
Agguindilare -to wind or reel yarn or silk p10
Agimina -a kind of tapestry work so called p10
Aginina -a kind of woven or net-work that women use to wear over tinsel or cloth of gold or silver, to make it show the better p11
Ago a pomo -a pin with a head p11
Ago da pomolo as above p11
Ago da pomella as above p11
Agonzi -a kind of broad sleeves like a master of arts' gown p11
Agora -sewing needles p11
Agucchia -a needle. Also knit with needles. p11
Agucchia da pomella -a pin with a head p11
Aggucchiare -to thread a needle, to pin with pins, to make sharp as a needle. Also to knit with knitting needles p11
Agucchiarvolo -a needle or pin maker p11
Ala -...a wing of a doublet, the brim of a hat, a flap of anything. A measure which we call an ell p12
Alamoderna -after the late or new fashion p12
Alantico -after the old fashion p12
Allaciare -to tie up, to bind, to knit, to entangle, to lace p13
Allacciamenti -lacings, tyings, trappings p13
Allumare -...also to alum silks or clothes before they can be dyed into any light colour p14
Alosso -an herb which dyers use called madder p14
Altabasso -a kind of wrought velvet with high and low work p15
Ambra -amber such as they make beads with. Also ambergris p16
Ambre as above p16
Ambro as above p16
Ambracane -ambergris p16
Ambracani -pomanders made of ambergris p16
Ambragialla -yellow, or stone amber p16
Ametistino -an amethyst. Also an azure or violet colour that painters use p16
Ammantare -to cloak, to en-mantle, to enrobe, to deck, to cover p17
Anellaro -a ring maker p19
Anelliere as above p19
Anello -any kind of ring or rings p19
Anella as above p19
Anello da bolla -a seal ring p19
Aneletti - little rings p19
Anelli -links or rings of chains p19
Anero -with black or mourning weeds p19
Annebbiatino -effeminate, sweet smelling, finely arrayed, wantonly dressed up, smug p20
Annellare -to curl, to frizz or reduce into rings p20
Annella -rings p20
Annellati crini -curled or frizzed hair p20
Annello -any kind of ring p20
Appulcrare -to beautify or make fair p24
Arabascio - a soldier's coat, cassock, jacket or mandillion p24
Arazzarie - tapestry or arras works p24
Arcolare -to reel or wind silk or yarn upon a reel p24
Argentata -lip-salve. Also a painting for women's faces p25
Argentino -silvery, or a silver colour, like silver p25
Arinella -a wrinkle, a pleat, a pucker p26
Arinellare -to wrinkle, to pucker, to plait p26
Armaio -a cupboard, a press, a wardrobe, an ambrie (?), a shelf, an armarie (armoire?) p26
Armaro as above p26
Armilla -a bracelet about one's arms, a wristband p26
Aromatoio -a perfumer, one that sells perfumes or spices, an apothecary p27
Aspare -to reel, to wind or make silk into skeins p29
Asteratico -a kind of sky colour. Also a stone or earth so called. p31
Attillante -gallant, fine, neat, spruce, handsome in clothes p32
Attrecciare -to plait or make up in tresses, to plait flowers as in a garland p33
Avezzamento -a custom, a fashion, a use p34
Aurelio -shining like gold, yellow, golden p34
Aureo -golden, of a golden hue p35
Auricone -of a golden or sunshine coloured hair p35
Azurigno -somewhat blue-ish or azure p35
Azurro -azure, blue, watchet, sky-colour p35

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Baco -a silk worm p36
Bacho as above p36
Bagnare -to wet, to wash, to bathe, to moisten p36
Bagno -a bath, or bathing-house p36
Bagordare -to mask, to mum, to revel p36
Bagordi -maskings, mummings, revellings p36
Bagordiere -a masker, mummer, or reveller p36
Balza -a hill, a mountain, a rock, a cliff. Also a certain head attire for women. p37
Balzo -the bound of a ball, a skip, a hop. Also a certain head attire. p37
Bambagna -bombast p37
Bambace as above p37
Bambagina -a woman's long waistcoat. Also bombasine. p37
Bandare -to garde (guard) with laces or guards. p38
Baronzi -...also apparel or clothes, rags, clouts, tatters. p39
Barraldare -to teasel clothes p39
Basto -...also a doublet or jerkin in rogues language. p40
Batalo -a kind of miniver hood that Doctors are wont to wear in sign of honour. p40
Battilana -a wool-winder or dresser of wool. p40
Bauccare -to mask or muffle. p40
Bauceo -a woman's mask or muffler p40
Bavaro -a bib or muckender. Also a hood or a rail, a friar's cowl, a beaver. Also a cape about the neck of any garment. p40
Bavero as above. Also a kind of stuff made of raw silk, as curled or raw cypress. p40
Bavella -a kind of ravelled silk or sleave silk. Also satin of Briges.All manner of raw silk. p40
Bavellero -a picker of silk p40
Belletare -to paint, to beautify, to make fair. Also to deceive. p41
Belletto -painting that women use for their faces. Also a deceit. p41
Bellezza -beauty, fairness, comeliness. p41
Bella/Bello -fair, beautiful, well-favoured, handsome, goodly, comely, pretty. p41
Bellore as Bellezza p41
Belta as above p41
Beltade as above p41
Beltramo -fair, handsome, goodly. p41
Beltro -a mixed colour of green, white and red p41
Benda - a scarf, a veil, a swathe, a filet, a hair-lace. Also a hose-garter. p41
Bendare -to en-scarf, to swathe, to hoodwink, to blindfold p41
Bendella -a filet, a riband, a tape, a little scarf, a bandell (?), a swathe a rowler (roller?). p41
Beretta -a cap or bonnet p42
Berettano -a capper, a cap-maker p42
Berettina -a little cap or bonnet p42
Berettore -a great cap or bonnet, a cap of maintenance as the Mayor of London carries before him. p42
Barli -little bushes, locks or tufts of hairs p42
Bernasso -a cloak with a hood as shepherds wear, a thrummed hat p42
Bernia -an Irish rug, or mantle, a rug such as women wear. p42
Berretta -a cap or bonnet p42
Betta -a beauty p43
Beuccatoio -a workman's apron or bib. p43
Biacca -a kind of white lead called cerise p43
Biaccare -to white, to daube, to paint with ceruse p43
Biancare -to white, to whiten, to blanche p43
Biancaria -all manner of napery or white linen p43
Bianchetta -a blanket. Also something white p43
Bianco -white, blank, pale, wan p43
Biavo -a bright pale yellow colour p43
Bigio -gray or russet colour. Also homespun cloth or sheep's russet. p43
Bigiuccia -a kind of gray or clay colour p44
Biltà as Bellezza p44
Bionda -a kind of lye to wash and make women's hair yellow p44
Biondeggiante -shining yellow, or of the colour of gold p44
Biondella -the herb 'centorie' so called, because washing one's head with it, it makes the hair yellow. Also a golden-locked person, as we say a goldilocks p44
Biondezza -yellowness of hair p44
Birsa -the 'cheverill' skin to make purses with p44
Bissino -a kind of fine silken stuff called bisse p44
Bisso as above p44
Boccalino -properly such stuff as we call Buckram. Also such stuff as we call Callimanco. Also a single garment for a woman. Some have used it for fine calico or lawn p45
Bombagia -all manner of bombast, or cotton wool p46
Bombagiare -a kind of stuff called bombasine made of cotton wool p46
Bonetto -a bonnet or cap p46
Bordare -to border about, to embroider. p46
Bordo -a kind of silk stuff woven p46
Borra -any stuffing for saddles, or other quilting or bombasting p46
Borratto -a 'bolting' cloth, a sieve...a kind of stuff called Burato p47
Borrico -a kind of quilted waistcoat. Also a frock. p47
Borrire ...also to fill or stuff p47
Borsa -a purse, a little bag p47
Borsetta -a little pouch, a little purse p47
Borsella as above p47
Borsia -a purse, a satchel, a little bag p47
Borsone -a pouch, a banking bag, a great purse p47
Borza as Borsa p47
Borzachini -buskins, fine boots p47
Bosima -a kind of yeast or gum that weavers use to stiffen linen cloth with p47
Bosimare -to stiffen linen cloth as weavers do p47
Bassetto -a shoe-makers round piece of wood to sew his shoes upon p47
Bottini -buskins or thin boots p47
Bottoncini -little buttons... p47
Bottone -a button... p47
Bottonetto -a little button p47
Bottoniera -a buttonhole or loop hole p47
Braca -a breech or a slop p48
Bracato -breeched, having hosen on p48
Braccia an arm, arms. Also a yard or an ell p48
Braccialetti -bracelets, or wristbands p48
Brache -all manner of breeches, slops, hosen, venetians p48
Brachetta -a codpiece p48
Brachietto as above` p48
Bragoni -great breeches, slops, or hosen p48
Broccame -all manner of clothes (cloths?) of tissue, gold, or silver p49
Broccaglio -a bodkin, or pouncing iron p49
Brocatello -thin tinsel, or slight cloth of gold or silver p49
Broccato -cloth of gold or silver. Also cloth of bodkin, or tissue p49
Brocco -a kind of red or yellowish colour p49
Bucati -clean, new-washed clothes p50
Bucherame -buckram or calico cloth p50
Burattino -a kind of stuff called Burato p51
Burino -a kind of carving, cutting, or jagging in garments p51
Busto -a trunk, a body without a head, a truss. Also a woman's busk. p52

 

 

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Cabarino -a gaberdine, a frock, an Irish rug, a shepherd's cloak or cassock p52
Cacciamosche -a fan to put away flies p52
Cadanelle -little chains, chain-lace or chain stitch p53
Caffettáno -a cassock, a gaberdine, a cloak or such like garment p53
Calamistro -an iron that women use to curl and frizz their hair with, a crisping wire p53
Calandrelli -wooden shoes, wooden pattens p53
Calce ...also hosen, breeches, slops, stockings p53/4
Calcette -hosen, or nether stockings, or shinners (?) p54
Calcetti -linen socks p54
Calcia -any kind of hose p54
Calciamento -any kind of hosing or shoeing p54
Calcie -hosen. Also taken for shoes p54
Calcioni/Calzoni -great breeches, hosen, slops. Also boot-hosen p54
Calzati -either hosen or shoes p55
Calze -hosen or shoes p55
Cambrai -cambric cloth, named after the town where much is made of it p55
Camelotto -the stuff we call chamblet p55
Camicia as Camiscia p55
Camiciótto as Camiscione p55
Camiciuola as Camisciuola p55
Camiscia -a shirt, a smock, a priest's surplice, a porter's frock, a long white garment p55
Camiscione -a porter's frock, a body coat or great shirt p55
Camisciúola -a little shirt or waistcoat p55
Camorra -an Irish rug. Also an upper cassock p55
Camorro ...also a woman's coat p55
Camurra as Camorra p55
Canapázzo -coarse hempen canvas. Also hempen .... or sackcloth p56
Cánape -hemp p56
Canapétto -a little hempen rope p56
Canevaccio -sackcloth or canvas p56
Canevo -hemp p56
Cangiante -changeable, as we say Taffeta of diverse colours p56
Cannevaccio -canvas or sackcloth p57
Canovo -hemp p57
Capeletto -a chaplet, a little hat, a hawk's hood p58
Capelli -the hair of a man or woman. Also hats p58
Capei as above p58
Capelli ricci -curled, frizzed, or crisped hair p58
Capelli crespic as above p58
Capelli inannellati as above p58
Capellina ...also a little hat that women use to wear in their houses in Italy. p58
Capello -a hat, a hood p58
Capigliare -to dress, to tress, to plait, to curl, to frizz, to lace, to tie up hair p58
Capigliata -the fore-lock of a man's or woman's head. Also hairy p58
Capitone -a kind of coarse silk called sleave silk p58
Cappa -a cape, a cape-cloak, a Spanish cloak. Also a kind of veil that women wear about their heads in Italy. Also a cope for a priest. p59
Cappe -cloaks, Spanish cloaks, or capes p59
Cápperone -a hood, frock or garment for the rain. Also a French hood p59
Capperuccia -a poor silly cloak or such gaberdine p59
Cappotto -a short Dutch cloak, a Spanish cape cloak, a hood or a cowl p59
Cappuccio -a hood or a cowl p59
Carcassóne -a kind of coarse stuff so called, whereof sailors make frocks. Also a sailor's frock p60
Caréllo -a square cushion made of diverse pieces as tailors and beggars use to sit upon p61
Carnadino -carnation colour p61
Casacca -a cassock, a frock, a horse-man's coat, a long coat. p62
Casacchino -a jerkin, a mandillion p60
Castagnato -chestnut colour p63
Cavardina -an upper frock, a gabardine p64
Causia -a broad cap or hat that harvest folk use to keep them from the sun. Also a kind of hat that the kings of Macedon were wont to wear. p65
Celéste -heavenly, celestial. Also sky-colour, or azure and watchet p65
Celestro -azure, watchet, or sky-colour p65
Celoni -coarse hangings, or rugged clothes p65
Céncio -a rag, a clout, a tatter p66
Cenericcio -ash colour, or one that lies in the chimney-corner p66
Cenerino as above p66
Cerita -a girdle p66
Centone ...also a coarse coverlet made of shreds and lists. Also a quilted jack or jacket p66
Centura -a girdle p66
Centurino -a little girdle, a waistband p66
Centurola -a little girdle or garter. Also a horn book for children to learn reading hanging at their girdle p66
Certéglio -a circlet, coronet, wreath, chaplet or garland about the head, a necklace, an earring. Also a hoop-ring or carcanet, or billiment, or border that women wear upon their heads. p67
Cerchio -a hoop, a circle, a chaplet, a garland p67
Cerino -a kind of colour like yellow wax p67
Cerigno as above p67
Cernicchio -a picker or culler or divider of anything, but properly a bodkin, which women use to pin their hair on their heads with, a crisping wire. p67
Ceruato -of the colour of a flag, a speckled dun or russet p67
Ceruetto -chamois or buckskin p67
Ceruléo -sky colour, azure or watchet p67
Cesóie -a pair of shears or scissors p67
Cestella -a seamsters work-basket, a little basket p67
Chente ...also a kind of fine linen cloth p68
Chiaroscuro -a kind of dark puke (puce?) colour p69
Chiega -the lining of a garment p69
Chiovaa -tenters for to dry and stretch clothes upon p70
Chioviale -a sleeveless garment p70
Ciabatta -an old overworn shoe p70
Ciamarra -a habit or garment worn over a gown as graduates wear in universities p70
Ciambelotto -chamblet p70
Ciameloto as above p70
Cianco -a kind of bright blue or azure colour p71
Ciarpa -a scarf p71
Cilestro -azure, blue, sky-colour or watchet. Also a kind of lily so called. p72
Cilindro -a long pearl fashioned like an egg p72
Cimossa -the selvedge or list of any cloth. p72
Cingolo -a girdle or a garter, an engirdling p72
Cinta -girt, girded or compassed about. Also a belt, waistband, or girdle. p73
Cintola -a girdle, a belt, or waistband. Also a garter p73
Cintolini -garters, or little girdles p73
Cintura -a girdle, a belt, a waistband p73
Cioppa -a shepherd's cap, a Scottish cap, a knit cap, a frock, a safeguard. p73
Cirossa -ceruse, or white lead that women use for painting p73
Citrino -a pale yellow lemon colour p74
Claretto -a claret colour p74
Coccinéo -dyed in grain, scarlet or crimson, of a scarlet colour p75
Coccino -a scarlet robe or vesture p75
Colare -to glue together...also a band, collar or carcanet. Also a cape for a cloak or any collar p76
Colarino -a little band or collar. Also a gorget piece p76
Collana -a chain about one's neck p76
Collanella -a little chain p76
Collare ...Also a collar, a band about one's neck, a gorget, a neckercher, a carcenet p76
Collarino -a gorget of plate, a little band. Also a little collar p76
Colletto -a leather jerkin p76
Colombino -dove colour, columbine colour p77
Colorare -to dye or to colour p77
Colorire as above p77
Colore -a colour, a hue p77
Contigiare -to adorn, to trim p84
Contigie leather hose, such as our elders were wont to wear. Also trimming, deckings, ornaments, garnishings. p84
Contrapelo -against the hair p84
Contrapunto -counterpointed. Also a back-stitch in sewing. p84
Copercero -a kind of upper frock, or such garment p85
Copritesta -a cap or hat, or any cover for the head p86
Coracino -a little heart, a bright raven or crow-black colour. p86
Corallino -coral colour, a little coral p86
Corame -leather tanned or dressed p86
Cordicélla -a little cord, a string, a line, a tape, a lace, a riband, an inkle, a binding, a twine or a fillet p86
Cordóne -a great cord, a hatband p86
Cossinetto -a little cushion, or cushionet, a seamsters cushion, a post (?) pillow. Also a little pillow or bolster for anything, a stuffing or bombasting. p86
Costuma/Costume -custom,, fashion, use, guise, wont, habit, use p89
Costura -a seam or sewing of any garment p89
Costure -comeliness, handsomeness. Also seams. p89
Cotigie -leather hosen, or trusses such as our elders were wont to wear p90
Cotonare -to cotton, to bombast, to thrum, or set a nap upon p90
Cotone -cotton, bombast, a nap or a thrum p90
Cotta -any kind of coat or upper garment p90
Cottone as Cotone p90
Cremesi -crimson, scarlet p91
Cremesino as above p91
Crespa -a curling, a frizzing, a crisping, a wrinkling. Also curled, frizzed, crisped or wrinkled p91
Crespare -to curl, to frizz, to crisp, to wrinkle, to plait, to wither, to pucker p91
Crespatura -a curling, a crisping, a crisping, a wrimpling (wrinkling?) a plaiting p91
Crespo -wrinkled, withered, frizzed, curled, puckered, crisped p91
Crinale -a hair lace. Also a crisping wire or bodkin that women use about their hair p91
Crocéo -a saffron colour p92
Crocoton -a kind of garment of the colour of saffron p92
Cruna -the eye of a needle p93
Cubitale -a fore-sleeve for the arm no longer than the elbow. Also a cushion for one's elbow p93
Cucire -to sew with a needle p93
Cucio as above p93
Cucito as above p93
Cucurice -a she-seamster or sewer p93
Cucitúra -a seam or sewing p93
Cuffia -a coif, a caul, a biggin, a night-cap p93
Cuffione -a coif, a caul, a biggin or woman's head night attire p93
Cushotto as above p93
Cuscitrice -a woman seamster p94
Cuscitura -a seam or sewing p94

 

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Dalmatia -a priest's surplice, or such religious garment. Some take it for a shepherd's long frock p95
Damasco -the stuff called Damask p95
Da rivolto -turning down as a falling band, or a woman's rabato p96
Davantino -a woman's apron, or half-kirtle p96
Dedále -a thimble, a finger stall p97
Detale as above p99
Detaretto -a little thimble, or finger stall p99
Dietro punto -a back-stitch in seamstrie work p101
Dimito -a kind of coarse cotton or flannel p103
Dirosa -of a rose, acqua rosa, rosewater p104
Discarlatto -of purple, of or with scarlet p105
Doaggio -a kind of coarse garment, or shepherds cloth p111
Dobetta -a kind of silken stuff worn in doublets p111
Dobretto -a kind of white garment, like a mandillion p111
Dobletto as above p111
Doccio -a kind of water pot that barbers use to let water trill upon men's heads to wash it with p111
Domaschino -damask work p111
Dosso -...also a kind of coarse home-spun cloth. Also a beast bearing a rich fur. p113
Drapperia -a drapery or street where cloth is sold p113
Drapetto - a little cloth, narrow cloth p113
Drappi -all manner of clothes, vestures, apparel, vestments or attire p113
Drappiére -a draper, a seller of cloth, a clothier p113
Drappiéro as above p113
Drappo -any kind of cloth p113
Drappo alto -broad cloth p113
Drappo basso -narrow cloth p113
Drappo di lino -linen cloth p113
Drappo d'oro -cloth of gold or tissue p113
Drappo di seta -all manner of woven silk p113
Duaggio -a kind of coarse home-spun clothing p114

 

 

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Essornare -to deck, to trim, to garnish, to dress p122
Essornatione -a decking, a trimming, a garnishing p122

 

 

 

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Falda -a fold, a plate, a wrinkle, a gathering, the skirts of the coat p124
Faldare -to fold, to pleat, to en-tress, to wrinkle, to cockle, to gather, to curl, to en-trail p124
Faldarello -a little pretty dog, a playing dog, a puppy sitting upon a woman's coats p124
Faldéa -a kind of open or loose garment which the noble women of Venice were wont to wear p124
Falde ...also plaitings, wrinkles, folds, gatherings, curlings, plaits. Also locks or handfuls of wool or flax. Also a folding, an enwinding or a plaiting of a garment. p124
Faldiglie as above. Also a frock or gathered garment p124
Faldonie As Falde p124
Fare a gucchia -to knit as silk hosen be with needles p125
Farseto -a truss or thin doublet for summer, a little jacket p126
Farsetto as above p126
Fasce -bundles, swathes, widths, fardels, guardings, borders, laces, rolls, or bindings about a garment p126
Fascia -the singular of Fasce p126
Fasciare -to swathe, to swaddle, to bundle or bind about, to sheaf up, to roll or tie up. Also to bind, to guard or lace, or border a garment about p126
Fatto a gucchia -knit with knitting needles as silk hosen be p126
Fazzoletto -a handkerchief, a muckerer, a towel, a barber's cloth, a wiper p126
Feltraro -a felt maker p128
Feltro -a felt, whereof hats are made or riding cloaks and bases. Also a hat itself or a cloak made of felt. p128
Felzata -a kind of coarse woollen stuff so called like felt p128
Feminelle -the little clasps and hooks that women use to tie their petticoats with p128
Feralvolo -a riding cloak p128
Ferarvolo as above p128
Ferigno -cruel, fierce, of the colour or nature of iron... p129
Fermagliare -to adorn with jewels, ouches or brooches, or pendants p129
Fermaglio -an ouch, or jewel, a pendant, namely a brooch p129
Fernanbucco -brazil wood to dye with because it comes from such a place in Brazil p129
Ferretti -little irons. Also tags for points. p129
Ferruginéo -of an iron colour p129
Festichina seta -a kind of raw sleave silk p129
Festone -a garland, a wreath, a chaplet, a crown of flowers p130
Festoncello -a little garland or wreath, or chaplet, or coronet of flowers p130
Fettuccie -jags, jaggings, cuttings, or snips in garments p130
Fiamma di volto -a blush, or maiden's blush colour p130
Fiamméo -a flame colour p130
Fibbia -any kind of buckle, a latch, a clasp or hasp, or latchet p130
Fibbiare -to buckle, to lace, to tie, to join or fasten together p130
Fibbiatura -a buckling, a lacing p130
Figurato veluto -figured velvet, wrought or branched velvet p131
Filaccio coarse thread, or yarn to be woven. Also coarse raw silk p131
Filare -to spin...to twist or draw into threads p131
Filatare as above p131
Filato -spun or twisted...also any kind of yarn that is spun, or spinning, made in manner of a thread p131
Filatoio -a silk mill. Also a spinning wheel p131
Filatoia -a spinner, a woman spinner p131
Filatrice as above p131
Filatore -a spinner p131
Filiscello -a kind of coarse silk which we call fillosetta or flouret silk p132
Filza -a file, a thread full of pearls, of beads....a chain of pearls p132
Filzare -to en-thread or put upon a thread, as beads, bugle or pearl p132
Fimbria -the hem or skirt, a fringe, a welt, a guard, a border or an edge of any garment. Also a friar's girdle p132
Fiocco -a tassel, a button, a lock or bush of hair, a flake, a flock or tuft of wool p132
Fioroni -garlands or chaplets made of flowers. Also great branches in damask p133
Flamméo -a flame colour p133
Flavio -a bright shining straw yellow p133
Flavo as above p133
Fódera -a lining, a scabbard, a sheath p134
Foderare -to line a garment p134
Forbici -scissors, shears, tailors shears p135
Forbicini -little pretty scissors or shears p135
Forfici -shears, scissors, tailors shears p135
Forficette -little scissors or shears p135
Forficini as above p135
Frappe -fringes, embroiderings, guardings, lacings. Also cuttings or jags, or snips of garments p137
Frastagli -cuts, jags, snips p138
Fratesco -friar-ish, friar-like. Also a gray or ash colour p138
Fregiare -to fringe, to guard, to lace, to adorn or garnish anything, to border p138
Fregiato -fringed, bordered, guarded, laced, adorned p138
Fregiataméte -finely, adornedly, as with lace, fringes or other guarding for ornaments p138
Fregio -a fringe, a guard, a lace, a border, a welt, embroidery, ornament or garnish about any garment p138
Frenello ...also little crisps of hair for women's heads, or headbands p138
Fresone -coarse frieze rug or home spun cloth p139
Fripperia -the place where old clothes sellers dwell, a frippery p139
Frisa -the stuff called frieze p139
Frisada -a kind of stuff called frizado p139
Frifare -to frieze, to cotton, to set a nap p139
Frisella -very fine frieze or nappie (napped?) cloth which we call peni-stone or cotton. p139
Frisetta as above p139
Frisone ....also a rough hairy garment...also a coarse, thick frieze. Also the stuff we call rug p139
Frontale -a forehead piece, or headband...a square as women ear on their heads, a frontlet p139
Fronzale -a kind of frounzing (?) or ornament about a woman's head or hair p140
Fulvo -the colour of gold, or bright yellow p140
Fustagno -the stuff we call fustian p141
Fustagnere -a kind of thin fustian p142

 

 

 

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Gabano -a fisherman's or shepherd's cloak or gaberdine p142
Gabbano as above p142
Gabbanello -a gaberdine or shepherd's coat, or cloak p142
Gaggliossa -a pocket, a pouch, a budget p142
Gala .....also a kind of fantastical diverse coloured clothing or apparel p142
Gale -fashions, liveries, suits or devices in clothes. Also the plural for Gala p142
Galluzze ....also hollow beads of gold or silver for bracelets p143
Gamorra -a woman's garment or gown p143
Gamurra as above p143
Garabattulo -a cloak, a frock, a gaberdine, or upper homely garment p143
Gafiare -to work in purl work or stitch work p144
Gafio -a kind of purl or stitch work p144
Gavardino -a frock, a gaberdine, a shepherd's garment p144
Gemma -a gem, a jewel, or precious stone p145
Gemmare -to en-gem or deck with precious stones p145
Gheroni -the skirts or quarters of a coat, or jerkin, the gores or gussets of a smock or shirt, the side pieces of a cloak p147
Ghimphe -ruff bands as men and women wear p147
Ghirlanda -a garland, a chaplet, a circlet, a coronet of flowers or of anything else, a coronet, a wreath, a border p148
Ghirlandella -a little garland, wreath, chaplet, coronet or circlet p148
Ghirlandetta as above p148
Giancchetta -a little jacket p148
Giallare -to dye or make yellow p148
Giallastro -yellowish, somewhat yellow p148
Gialliccio as above p148
Giallo -the colour yellow p148
Gioggiolino -a kind of colour which we call flesh-colour, or brick colour p149
Giornéa -a certain garment made long like a gown or horseman's coat p149
Gippatura -as Giubba. Also a kind of work that tailors use upon doublets p150
Giranda -a garland or chaplet of flowers p150
Girasole ....also changeable taffeta p150
Giro ...a circle, a compass, a fan, a circlet.... p150
Giuba -an upper cassock, a mandillion, a soldier's or horseman's coat, or jacket p150
Giubba as above p150
Giubarello -a little horseman's coat, a mandillion, a truss, a sleeveless doublet p150
Giubbarello as above p150
Giubone -a doublet p150
Giubbone as above p150
Giubetto -the perfume called civet p150
Giuponaro -a doublet maker p151
Guipponaro, Guibbonaro as above p151
Glasto -a stuff to dye blue with, called woad p151
Gonna -a woman's upper gown, robe, or mantle p153
Gonnélla -a little gown, a safeguard, a petticoat, a straight gown p153
Gonnellaro -a woman's robe maker p153
Gonnellino -a little gown, robe, safeguard or petticoat, a jacket, a cassock, a gaberdine p153
Gorgiéra -a gorget, a partlet, a neckercher, a rail about one's neck, a collar or harness p153
Gorgietta -a little gorget, also a partlet p153
Goro -a kind of wine or the colour thereof p153
Gottonare -to cotton or set a nap on, to frieze p153
Gottonatto -a kind of cotton, frizado, penestone, or buffin serge p153
Gottone -cotton, baize, frieze, penestone p153
Gramaglia -any mourning garment. Also a robe of state. p154
Grembiale -an apron, a safeguard, a half-kirtle p156
Grembiule as above p156
Grezza -of the colour of hemp or coarse canvas un-whited p156
Grigio -gray, sheep's russet, dark, brown, black, hoary, white....or homespun sheep's russet cloth p156
Grigione -a coarse gray, a homespun cloth p156
Grognano -a kind of stuff called grogram or mockado p156
Grossograno -a stuff which we call grogaran (grosgrain?) p157
Gruma -the eye of a needle p157
Gualca -a calender or press for cloth, a mill to full cloth in p157
Gualcare -to calender or press cloth, to full clothes p157
Gualdo -a weed to dye yellow with called woad p157
Guantaio -a glover, a glove-maker p157
Guantaro as above p157
Guantiero as above p157
Guanto -a glove, a mitten, a gauntlet p158
Guantone -a gauntlet, a great glove p158
Guarda robba -a wardrobe, a buttery, a larder, a pantry p158
Guardacuore -a stomacher, a mariner's or fisher's habit with a flap over the belly p158
Guarnacca, Guarnaccia -a kind of upper garment for women p158
Guarnaletto -a frock, petticoat, safeguard, or such like garment p158
Guarnéllo -fustian, or that stuff we call bustian or cavell. Also an upper long veil that women wear in Italy. p158
Guarnigione ....also any kind of lace, guard, or fringe for garments. Also a garnishing p158
Guazzarone ...also an upper coarse smock, such as women use to wear over their clothes when they spin p158
Gucchia -a needle. Also a knitting needle p159
Guglia -a needle....a knitting needle p159
Guigi -a stuff called satin of Briges p159
Guscella, Gusella -a pin p159
Guscelletta, Guseletta -a little pin p159

 

 

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Hábito -a form, an habit, a fashion, a manner, a custom, a quality. Also...an attire, or suit of apparel. p159
Habano, Habeno -the black wood called Hebanie (Ebony). Also sable or sad colour. p160
Hiacintho -a precious stone called a hyacinth...also a purple colour p161

 

 

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Imbambagiare -to stuff, fill or quilt with bombast, to bombast p165
Imbandigione -any kind of napery or linen serving for the board p165
Imbaucare -to mask as women do when they go abroad p165
Imbelletare -to paint as women do their faces p166
Imbellatamenti -slaverings and paintings that women use upon the face p166
Imbellire -to adorn, to beautify, to deck, to embellish p166
Imbelisco as above p166
Imbelito as above p166
Imbiaccare -to paint with ceruse or white lead p166
Imborcare -to cloth with cloth of gold p166
Imbosimare -to stiffen linen cloth after it is woven as weavers use to do p166
Imbottire -to stuff, to quilt, to bombast or counterpoint, to stiffen p166
Imbotisco as above p166
Imbotito as above p166
Imbottonare -to button together. Also to quilt and stuff p166
Imbottanatura -a buttoning p166
Imbroccare ....to fasten with studs, to stud....to clothe, or put into cloth of gold p166
Imbroccato ....studded...clothed with cloth of gold. Also cloth of gold. p167
Immanicare -to put a handle, haft or hilt upon something. Also to sleeve a garment p167
Immantare -to enrobe, to en-mantle, to invest, to deck...to cloak p167
Immscarare -to mask, to en-mask, to hide or cover one's face p167
Immuschiare -to perfume or dress with musk p168
Imperlare -to em-pearl or deck with pearls, to set with pearl p169
Incarnadino -a carnation or flesh colour p172
Incarnatino as above p174
Incolorire -to give a colour unto, to dye or colour p174
Incolorisco as above p174
Incolorito as above p174
Increspare -to curl, to frounze (?) the hair, to wrinkle, to crisp p175
Infaldare -to infold, to pleat, or set in folds, to tuck up a garment as milk-maids do p178
Infaldatura -an enfolding, a pleating or setting in folds p178
Infoderare -to line a garment... p179
Infrangiare -to infringe, or deck with fringe p180
Ingarafunare -to perfume or stick with cloves p180
Ingasciare -to work or purl stitch needlework p180
Ingenimare -to wind up thread or yarn...also to adorn or deck with gems, jewels or precious stones p181
Inlividito -black, blue, wan or the colour of lead and ashes.... p182
Inlivido as above p182
Innastrare -to tie or bind up in fine ribands p183
Innastri -bindings or dressings with ribands p183
Inostrare -to deck with purple, to beautify in grain colours, to dress up a woman's head with fine ribands and pretty devices and knots p183
Insaponare -to en-soap, to soap clothes, to lather, to lay in suds p184
Intabarrare -to cover or muffle with a riding cloak p186
Intabarro -a man in his cloak, with his cloak on. p186
Intagli cuttings, jaggings in fine neat apparel, all manner of cut works p186
Intagliare -to cut in, to engrave or carve p186
Intagliatura -an engraving, an in-cutting or carving p186
Intaglio -cutting, engraving or carving work p188
Intertéssere -to interweave, to weave or work between, as tinsel or striped canvas is. Also to knit, to fold, to wrap in, to plait or interlace with other works or things. p188
Intertesso as above p188
Intertessei as above p188
Intertessuto -interwoven or woven between or tinselled, knit, folded, wrapped in, plaited or interlaced with other work p188
Intertessitura -an interweaving or weaving between, a knitting p188
Invelutare -to put or cloth in velvet p190
Investire -to invest, to install, to clothe, to enrobe... p190
Investo as above p190
Investito as above p190
Inzazzeare -to wear long locks of hair curled or bushy. Also to make hair on the head curled p192
Isfilare -to ravel out in threads p194
Isfilatura -a ravelling out in threads p194

 

 

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Laccio ...a binding, a lace... p196
Laccido -a little binding, riband, lace or string...a latchet of a shoe p196
Laccivolo as above p196
Lacerna -a kind of a cloak to keep rain out p196
Lacinioso -cut in sundry fashions, jagged, snipped, crumpled, full of pleats, intricate, crankling (crinkling?) in an out p196
Ladano -a kind of sweet gum to perfume with p196
Lana -any kind of wool p197
Lanfa -a kind of sweet water made of orange flowers p197
Lanicio -clothing or the craft of making woollen clothes p198
Laséne -stiff hairs, or hogs bristles, as they make head brushes with, and shoemakers use p199
Laticlavo -a kind of long robe or mantle which Emperors and Poets were wont to wear p199
Lattéo -of milk, milky, milken. Also milk white colour p199
Lattuche -the salad herb lettuce. Also ruff-bands. p199
Latuche as above p199
Lavacro -a font, a laver, an ewer p199
Lavamento -a washing or laving p199
Lavare -to wash, to lave, to bathe p199
Lavatoio -a washing or laving place, a wash house p199
Lavatoria as above p199
Lavatora -a washing or bucking tub p199
Legaccia -a band, a garter, a fillet, a swathe, a roll, a bandle, a binding p200
Legramento -a kind of blacking that cobblers use to black leather or old shoes with p201
Lembo -a purfle, a welt, a lace, a border, or guard about a long garment. Also a hem or skirt of a garment p201
Lemonino -a kind of lemon colour... p201
Lentima -a kind of sack-cloth so called p201
Lentisco -a wood called prickwood, or foul rice, whereof they make toothpicks in Italy p201
Lenza -fine linen cloth, as lawn or cambric p201
Lenzare -to bind, to hoodwink, to roll about with a scarf p201
Leonato -the colour of a lion, or tawny p202
Limoncino -a kind of lemon colour p204
Linaccio -coarse flax. Also canvas, or Holland cloth p205
Lini -linen. Also sheets p205
Lino -line, flax or linen. Also all kind of stuff fit for weaving, or any yarn that is spun, whether it be hemp or flax p205
Lisaro -a kind of narrow cotton cloth p205
Lisciare -to wash in lye or in a bucket, to bucket....to polish or paint, as women do their faces p205
Lisciatrice -a woman that paints herself or others p205
Liscio - a kind of painting that women use for their faces p206
Lista -a list or selvedge of any cloth p206
Listare -to list or selvedge about, to welt or guard about. Also to lace p206
Livrea -a livery garment or suitable suit p206
Locotte -a buckle, a button, a clasp p206
Lodano -a kind of sweet perfuming gum, called in Latin Artilus p206
Lubiano -a kind of linen cloth so called p207
Lucignolare ...also to frounze (?), to curl, to dress up in fine knots p208
Lucignoli, Lucignuoli -locks, flocks, tufts, tassels....of wool, hemp, hair or flax, rolls of wool or flax ready for the spinners, a lock of hair, peaks or tips of beards....Also certain sliding knots, entramellings, or curlings of hair wrought and interlaced together with ribands, and made in rings as women wear p208
Luffo -the skirt or quarter of a coat or jerkin. Also a lap or fold of a garment p208
Lugúbre ....also mourning apparel. p208
Lutéo -yellowish or somewhat yellow in colour like the yolk of an egg p209

 

 

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Macca ....also a frock or such like garment p209
Madera -a kind of stuff to dye red withall, called Mather (Madder?) p210
Madre perla -mother of pearl p210
Maglia -is properly the holes in any net. Also a shirt or jacket of mail, as Giacco di Maglia p211
Magliare -to mail, to arm with mail, or jackets, to beat with a mallet. Also to beat a pack of wool to make it lie close. p211
Magnosa -a coif or caul p211
Magnosetta -a little coif or caul p211
Mandiglione -a mandillion, a soldier's frock p214
Manelle ...also bracelets p214
Manetta -a muff, a snufkin, a mitten. p214
Manezza -a maunch, a sleeve, a muff, a mitten, a snufkin, a long glove p214
Manezze -bracelets... p214
Mangano -a kind of press to press buckram, fustian or dyed linen cloth, to make it have a lustre or gloss. p214
Manganare -to press all manner of linen cloth dyed, to put a lustre or gloss on it. p214
Manganaro -a presser of linen clothes, namely of buckram or fustian p214
Manica -any kind of sleeve or maunch. Also...., any flap covering the hand p215
Maniche -sleeves, maunches p215
Manicone -a great sleeve, maunch, muff or snufkin p215
Manigliare -to adorn with bracelets, to manacle p215
Maniglie -bracelets. Also manacles, ornaments about the arms or hands p215
Manigli as above p215
Manili as above p215
Manta -a mantle, a robe, a long cloak p215
Mantaro -a cloak, a riding cloak, a shepherd's frock p215
Mantarro as above p215
Mantellaro -a mantle, a cloak-maker p215
Mantellina -a little loose mantle as women are wont to wear p215
Mantello -a cloak, cover or mantle... p215
Mantica -a bag, a wallet, a budget, a cap case p215
Mantile -a tablecloth or napkin p216
Mantiletto -a napkin, drinking cloth, a cupboard cloth p216
Manto -a robe, mantle or cloak, a long upper garment. p216
Mantone -a great robe, with a train p216
Margarita -a pearl, a margarite (marguerite?) , a gem. p217
Margaritato -one that makes bugles, or one that pierces and bores pearls p217
Margaritine -bugles or seed pearls p217
Marrochino -Spanish leather, frieze leather p217
Martoti -the fur of martins p217
Mascara -a mask, a vizzard, a covert p217
Mashuca -a garment or robe made of wolves', deers' or goats' skins p218
Matassa -a skein of thread or yarn p218
Matassina -a little skein or lock of wool p218
Matre perla -mother of pearl p219
Mauro ...a dark grey p219
Mazzoccola -a woman's rowl (roll?) or rowler (roller?) for her head p219
Mazzuola as above p220
Medaglia -a jewel, ....any embossed or graven work, a brooch, an ouch p220
Medaglietta -any little brooch, ouch, jewel... p220
Merlo delle vesti -a guard or hem, or fringe, or binding of a garment p223
Meschio -mixed, mingled together. Also a medley or parti-coloured p224
Mezzalana -a stuff called linsey-woolsey, or any stuff made of half wool and half silk or linen p225
Moccaiaro -the stuff we call mockado p228
Moccaiorro as above p228
Molichino -a kind of purple colour p229
Molinare -to grind in a mill, to full cloth p229
Molochino -a kind of colour like a whitish purple, or like the flowers of mallows p230
Monile -a carcanet, a billiment, a collar, a border, a jewel about one's neck, a necklace having jewels or pearls in it, an ouch, a tablet or a brooch. p231
Morato -black, or a blackberry colour p232
Morello -the colour murrey, or dark red p232
Morellotto -ruddy, red, flaming red, red hot, high or fiery-coloured p232
Mozzoraso -a kind of coarse satin so called p234
Muccichino -a mucketter, a handkerchief, a hand-napkin p234
Mule ...also pantofles or slippers p234
Mullei -a kind of shoe like the Turkish shoes up to the middle of the legs that Kings and Princes were wont to wear p235
Mustellino -a kind of colour like a weasel p236
Mutande -thin under-breeches, such as wrestlers use for lightness p236

 

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Nappa -a tablecloth, a drinking-cloth, a napkin p236
Nastio -any kind of silk ribbon....Also the part of the ring where into the stone is set, or a seal is graven p237
Nimfa ....also such ruff bands as are worn nowadays. Also the cup of any flower by little and little gaping and opening itself. p239

 

 

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Occhiali -spectacles to look with p243
Occhietti -small or little eyes, or eyelet holes.... p243
Occhiolino -a little eye, an eyelet hole... p243
Ombrella -a fan, a canopy, also a tester or cloth of state for a prince. Also a kind or round fan or shadowing that they use to ride with in summer in Italy, a little shade. Also a bonegrace for a woman. p245
Ombrizio -the water, wave or shadow of damask or chamblet p245
Orecchini -pendants or jewels to hang at one's ears, little ears. Also nightcaps. p248
Orlare -to welt or hem any linen or garment, to brim p249
Orlatrice -a seamstress, a welter, a hemmer p249
Orletto -a little welt, hem or brim p249
Orlo -a brim, a welt, a hem...also a skirt, an edge p249
Ormesino, Ormisino -sarcenet, taffeta sarcenet p249
Orobe ....also a kind of frankincense. Also a kind of grass-green colour p249
Ortichino -a kind of cloth we call calico or nettle cloth, or the roots to make it. p249
Osattini -little buskins or thin boots p250
Ossoli -bobbins to wind silk upon p250
Ossolieri -the strings wherewith the slops are tied up or short strings p250
Ostata -a kind of smooth stuff called worsted p251
Ostéa as above p251

 

 

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Pagliato -pallet, pale, or straw colour p253
Pagliccio -of a straw colour p253
Pagnosa -a kind of wide long garment p253
Pagonaccio -a purple colour or French russet p253
Palandra -a long Turkish garment, a horse-man's coat, a riding garment p253
Palandrara as above p253
Palla muschiata -a musk ball or pomander p253
Pallio -a mantle, cloak, robe or other long garment as the knights of the garter wear. Also a cope or surplice p254
Palombino -a dove colour, a ring-dove colour p254
Paludamento -a coat-armour, a horseman's coat, a herald's coat of arms, a chief captain's rich garment, a triumphant robe, or imperial mantle p254
Panche -brogues or such shoes as Irishmen wear p255
Paneclo ....also a riding cloth or horse cloth, a little cloth, a clout. p255
Pannaccio -filthy coarse cloth, rug, or frieze, homespun cloth p256
Pannetto -a little cloth, rag or clout, a napkin, a handkerchief, a towel, a rubber, a kercher p256
Panni -all manner of clothes, garments, raiments or apparel, be it woollen or linen p256
Panni lini -any linen clothes p256
Panni lini di gamba -linen hose or stockings p256
Pannine -all manner of woollen clothes or the trade of woollen clothes p256
Panni vendoli -such as sell old clothes, frippers, brokers p256
Pannito -a frock or cassock p256
Panno accottonato -cottoned, or frieze, cloth p256
Panno alto -broadcloth p256
Panno basso -narrow cloth p256
Panno collo -a neck-cloth p256
Panno lana -woollen cloth p256
Panno lino -linen cloth p256
Panno di seta -any cloth made of silk p256
Pantofole -slippers, pantofles, chopines p256
Papafico -a kind of frock or gaberdine to ride in p256
Paramosche -a fan of feathers to keep away flies with p257/8
Pardo -a deer or sandy colour... p258
Passamano -any kind of lace. Also bordering or guarding for garments p260
Passamano d'accia -statute lace, crewel lace p260
Passamano di seta -any kind of silk lace p260
Passamano d'oro -gold lace p260
Passamanini -little or small laces or twists p260
Passamentare -to lace, or set or border a garment with lace p260
Passetti ...little bosses or buttons of gold or silver p261
Pastello -wood to dye blue withall p261
Patecchi -chopines or high shoes for women. Also stilts p262
Patienza ....Also a kind of habit or frock made of coarse hair cloth, that galley slaves are made to wear, or else certain religious men wear. p262
Patientia as above p262
Pavonacchio -a kind of purple, puke (puce?) or French russet colour p263
Pavonacchio cupo -a deep dark purple or puke (puce?) colour p263
Pedali di lino -woollen or linen socks for one's feet p263
Pedule ...also a sock or thin pump p264
Pelle -any kind of skin or fur p265
Pelle di camoccia -a chamois skin p265
Pelle di vacca -a cow's hide, an ox hide p265
Pelli di zebellini -a sable's skin p265
Pellicia -any kind of fur, or furred garment p265
Pellicciare -to fur or line with furs p265
Pellettaria -the skinner's or furrier's trade p265
Pelletaria as above p265
Pellicciaio -a skinner or furrier, a felt-monger, a leather seller, he that makes things of skins and furs and sells them, a pelt monger p265
Pellicieria -a skinner's or furrier's shop... p265
Pelliccione - a furred gown or garment p265
Pendaglio -a tassel or pendant of a trumpet, a down-hanging pendant p265
Pendente da orecchia -a jewel or pendent for one's ears p265
Penna -any kind of feather or quill, or pen, a writing pen. Also a plume p266
Pennaccio -a plume or bunch of feathers p266
Pennacchio as above p266
Pennaivolo -a penner to put in writing pens, a woman's needlecase p266
Pennarvolo as above p266
Penula -a kind of cloak worn when it rains p266
Peperigno -a kind of black building stone. Also of the colour of pepper p266
Perfumare -to perfume p268
Perfiumo -perfume or sweet scent p268
Perizorna -a truss worn about the private parts or cover for them p269
Perla -a gem, a pearl p269
Perlare -to impearl, to adorn with pearls p269
Perle -pearls, jewels, gems p269
Perlette -little, small, seed pearls p269
Perolo -a little button or tassel of wool on the top and middle of a knit cap p269
Persichino -a peach colour p270
Perso -lost, forlorn. Also a dark, brown, black mourning colour p270
Pesso -a pessary or suppository made of soft wool like a finger, used for secret purposes among women p271
Pettiera -a stomacher or breast garment p272
Pettine -any manner of comb to comb the head or hair p272
Pettine d'avorrio -an ivory comb p272
Pettine di legno -a wooden comb p272
Peverigno ...also of the colour of pepper... p273
Peverino as above p273
Pezzetta -a little clout, rag, patch, tatter p273
Pezzette di levante -certain pieces of linen that women rub and paint their faces with p273
Phecasio -a kind of shoes that priests were wont to wear, peculiar to sacrificing priests p273
Philarrthio -an herb used to dye purple p273
Pianella ...also a woman's pantofle p275
Pianellaio -a pantofle or chopines maker p275
Pianellaria -a place where shoes and pantofles are made and sold p275
Pianelle -night slippers, chopines, or pantofles p275
Pianelette -little pantofles, chopines, or night slippers p275
Pianezza del'anello -the bezel or head of a ring where the stone is set in p275
Pianta da cuoio -an herb used to dye black, and to tan leather called sumach p275
Piccichetto -a glover's tool p276
Piegga -a fold, a plait, an infolding, a bending,a bowing, a stooping, a yielding, a wrinkling, a wrinkle p276
Piegamento as above p276
Pierla as Perla p276
Pigmento ...also women's paintings, or painters colours p277
Pilaturo -a pair of mulers (?) to pull out hairs with p278
Pillucare -to pick our pull out hairs or feathers one by one p278
Pioletta -as Pianella p278
Piombino -a plummet of lead or level as carpenters use...also of the colour of lead p279
Piovale -a church cope or priest's garment p279
Piviolo ...a setting or poking stick to set ruffs with p280
Pivolo as above p280
Plombéo ...leaden coloured p281
Pólana -a kind of coarse woollen cloth p282
Polare -a kind of woollen stuff as buffin, mockado, durance, or rash p282
Pomada, Pomata -a pomade to supple one's lips, lip-salve p284
Pontale ...a tag of a point, an aglet in a cap p284
Pontali -aglets in caps, or tags of points p284
Pontello -any kind of underproper or stay, a bodkin p284
Ponzonare -to pounce or prick or work pouncing work p285
Porpora -purple or scarlet. Also a king's robe p286
Porporare -to empurple or enrobe with scarlet p286
Porporeo -of purple or of scarlet hue p286
Porporina -of purple colour p286
Porréo -of the colour of a leek p286
Porrigine -the dandruff, scurf, or scales in men's heads, beards or brows p286
Porta berretta -a cap case, a hat case, a budget, a portmanteau p286
Prasino -a kind of yellowish-green, or as some think a leek-green colour p288
Profumare -to perfume, or cause to smell sweet p297
Profumaro -a perfumer p297
Profumato -perfumed p297
Profumaria -a perfumer's shop p297
Profumiere -a perfumer p297
Profumo -a perfume or sweet smell p297
Psillio -an ointment to take away hair p301
Punico -a colour as red as scarlet. Some take it for yellow p302
Puntali -tags of points, aglets, bodkins p302
Puntaletti as above p302
Puntare ...to stitch, to quilt any work... p302
Puntato ...stitched or quilted, counterpointed any work p302
Puntelli -bodkins p302
Punto ...a stitch, a stitch or prick in any work or sewing, a counterpoint p303
Punzonare ...also to pounce or work pouncing work p303
Punzone ...also a bodkin, or any sharp pointed thing p303
Purgatore di panna -a trimmer, a scourer or dresser, or cleanser or washer of clothes p303
Púrpura -the purple colour, a prince's or chief man's purple garment p303
Purpurato ...apparelled in purple, of, or belonging to purple or purple colour. Also clothed in garments of purple p303
Purpuréo -of the colour of purple, like purple, red, bluish, arrayed in purple p303
Purpurino ...also a lively red colour women use for painting called cheek varnish p303

 

 

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Quadretto ...a woman's low stool...a cushion, namely a tailor's cushion, a gusset p305
Quattraggio -a certain rate of cloth that is given above measure, as we say...a handful. Also a kind of coarse home spun cloth that shepherds use p306

 

 

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Rasciosciare -to sit close with legs across (cross-legged?) as tailors and women do p307
Radio ...also a weaver's shuttle... p308
Raditore -a shaver, a barber that shaves p308
Rancia rosso -orange tawney colour, almost like red p310
Ranciato -orange tawney colour... p310
Ranzetto -of the colour of raw silk p311
Rappa -a wrinkle, a wrimple, a withering... p311
Rascetta ...also a kind of fine silk rash p311
Rascia -a kind of stuff called silk rash p311
Rasciére -a rash maker p311
Raso -the stuff called Satin p312
Ratagli -scrapings...small wares...small pieces...shreds of tailors p312
Razzamenti -arras work, all manner of arras works or tapestry p313
Razzi -tapestry, arras works, hangings for chambers p313
Razzo ...also a piece of arras or tapestry p313
Recamare -to embroider, to beset, to emboss p313
Recamatore -an embroiderer p313
Recamatura -any kind of embroidery p313
Recami -all manner of embroideries p313
Recatare -to buy and sell again by retail, to regrate, to retail p313
Recataria -a frippery or broker's shop p313
Rése -any kind of twisted sewing thread p314
Rensa, Renza -lawn or cambric, or such fine linen cloth p317
Renso, Renzo -very fine flax to spin lawn with p317
Resca -a brake, a flaw, a crack, a hole namely in cloth p317
Restagno -a kind of stuff like fustian, such as they make waistcoats of p318
Retagli -veils, odd ends, giblets, shreds, cuttings of tailors p318
Réte ...also any kind of network or caul such as women wear p318
Reticélla -a little net or casting net. Also a sierce or little sieve. Also any caul or network p318
Rezzola -a coif or caul of fine net work such as women use to wear p319
Ricame -to embroider p320
Ricamatore -an embroiderer p320
Ricami -all manner of embroideries p320
Ricamuzzi -foolish embroideries p320
Ricciare -to curl, to crisp, to frizz p320
Riccio -curled, crisped, frizzed, shagged, bushy, hairy, rough, curled cypress, crispin, unshorn velvet. p320
Riccio sopra riccio -the richest cloth of gold or bodkin that is p320
Ricciuto -curled, frizzed, crisped, hairy, bristly, husky, shagged, bushy p320
Ricuscire -to sew again, or mend a seam p321
Ricuscio -as above p321
Ricuscij -as above p321
Ricuscito -sewed again, or mended a seam p321
Rigattiére ...a fripper, broker, such as sell old clothes and such trash p323
Rigattiniére -a maker of purse-locks or purses p323
Rigattino -the lock of iron on a purse. Also a purse with a lock p323
Riglitare -to tuck up, or plait, or fold up a garment p323
Riglito -a plait or tucking up of a garment p323
Rimbréncioli -laces, strings, snips or jags about garments. Also little holes. p324
Rimbrencioloso -all be-laced, snipped, cut, jagged, frizzed....dangling or full of holes p324
Rimendare -to mend or dress again p324
Ripostiglio ....such place in a house where anything may be laid up, a cupboard or wardrobe p328
Ristringarele calcie -to truss, tie, or point one's hosen with points p330
Ritagliare ....also to cut, jag, or pink or snip as a garment p330
Ritaglio ....a cutting, jagging or snip in a garment p330
Ritagliuzzi -small jags, cuts, snips or pinks in garments p330
Ritéssere -to weave, to twist, to twine, or work together again p330
Ritesso as above p330
Ritessei as above p330
Ritessuto as above p330
Rivendagli -any frippery or old ware or old trash sold again p332
Rivestare -to clothe, revest...or apparel again p332
Rivesto as above p332
Rivestuto as above p332
Rivestito -clothed, vested, apparelled... p332
Rizza -a withering, a wrinkle, a wrimple, a puckering in any clothes p332
Rizzo as Riccio p332
Rizzuto as Ricciuto p332
Róbba -a gown, a robe, a mantle, any long garment p332
Robbe -look Róbba p332
Robbia -an herb to dye red withall called Madder, Cliver's madder or Goslin-weed p332
Robbo ...also red or ruddy-coloured p332
Robbone -a great long robe, gown, or mantle p332
Robino - a precious stone called a ruby p332
Rochello ...also a bobbin to wind silk upon p332
Rochétto -a bishop's or cardinal's rochet. Also a bobbin to wind silk upon p332
Rodite -a kind of precious stone of a rose colour p333
Roggio -red, rudding, reddish, ruddy. Also that we call tawney red. p333
Romagnuoso -a kind of coarse home spun, sheep's russet cloth, called friars cloth or shepherd's clothing p333
Romanuóso as above p333
Rombo ....also a spinning wheel, or a reel for yarn p333
Rósa secca -a kind of murrey or rose colour p334
Rosacéo -of the colour of roses p334
Rosare -to preserve with roses, or to make to smell of roses p334
Rosata -a rose cake, rosed, smelling of roses, made of roses. Acqua rosata - rosewater p334
Rosato -preserved with roses, made of roses, smelt of roses, roseate, of the colour of roses, rose colour, murrey, smelling of roses. Olio Rosato - oil of roses p334
Roséo -a kind of rose colour, or belonging to roses, or wherein roses grow p335
Rossa -red, a red-(haired?) woman. Also a fan of feathers. p335
Rossardo -somewhat red or ruddy, a red (haired?) man, reddish p335
Rossetto -somewhat red, ruddy. Also russet. Also a red (haired?) man or woman, a blush colour p335
Rossiccio -reddish, ruddy, enclining to red, a blush colour p335
Rossigno as above p335
Rosso -red, ruddy, blushing, tawney red. Also a red (haired?) man. p335
Rosta ....a fan of feathers p335
Rubecchio -red, reddish, ruddy, sanguine colour p336
Rúbido -a kind of dark, deep red colour p336
Ruffo ....also a red colour p337
Rullo ...also a kind of high head attire that women use in Italy p337

 

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Sacca -a bag, a sack, a pouch, a budget, a satchel. Also a fowling net, a pocket. p338
Sacchettinó -a little bag, sack, pouch or budget p338
Sacco -a sack, a bag, a pouch, a budget, a wallet, a pocket.....Also a pack of wool p338
Saccóccia -a satchel, a pouch, a budget, a sack, a pocket, a poke p338
Sacco di lana -a pack of wool p338
Saccone -a great bag or sack. Also a bolster, a pillow, a straw bed p338
Saffiro -a precious stone called a sapphire p339
Saglio -a long skirted coat p340
Saglione as above p340
Sai ....also coats with skirts p340
Saietta -a kind of fine serge or cloth for coats, it is also rash p340
Saietto -a little jacket or coat with skirts p340
Saio -a long side coat with skirts or slops p340
Saione -a great, long, side man's coat p340
Saltambárco -a kind of garment made of hair-cloth for mariners, a shepherd's frock or cloak. Also a soldier's cassock or mandilion, or a horseman's coat p341
Saltério ...also a veil that nuns use to wear over their heads. Also a Psalter or psalm book. p342
Salva guarda as Salvarobba p342
Salvarobba -a wardrobe, a cupboard, a press, a larder, a pantry, a shelf, a buttery, or such like thing to keep things in. p342
Salvietta -a napkin, a drinking cloth p342
Sambucato -a green colour called alder tree colour p342
Samito -a kind of sleave, filosell, seret or coarse silk stuff. p342
Sandado -a kind of thin sandal, or sarcenet p342
Sandalo as above p342
Sandaletti -little sandals, labels, or pendants of taffeta-sarcenet p342
Sangallo -buckram cloth p343
Santolina -lavender cotton, or field cypress p343
Saponare -to soap, to lather, to wash in soap p343
Sapone -soap to wash with p343
Sarcione -a stone of a carnation colour p344
Sarge -curtains for beds. Also serges. p344
Sargia -the stuff we call saye or serge. Also a curtain for a bed. p344
Sargietta -a little curtain, fine serge or saye p344
Sarta -a woman tailor p344
Sarto/Sartore -a man tailor p344
Sartoría -a tailor's trade, shop or street p344
Sarza as Sargia p344
Sattino -the silk stuff we call satin p345
Savatta -an old broken shoe p345
Savattaro -a cobbler...a mender of old shoes p345
Savonare -as Saponare p345
Savone -as Sapone p345
Sbalcio -the name of an honourable kind of habit that the ladies of Venice were wont to wear p345
Sbalzo ....also a kind of rowl (roll?) , or rowler (roll/roller?), that women use to wear on their heads under their coifs in Italy p345
Sbellettare -to bedaub or paint as women do their faces. Also to wash away painting. p346
Sbérnia -a kind of upper garment which friars use to wear, an Irish rug or mantle, a gabardine p346
Sbiadato ...also an azure or bright sky colour p346
Sbianciolo ...also straw-colour p346
Sbiavato as above p346
Sborrare ....also to full or shear cloth p346
Sbracciata -a kind of sleeveless garment. Also open or without arms. p346
Scaggiale -a kind of country frock or garment that fishers and shepherds use to wear. Also a broad silken girdle or a woman's apron p347
Scalfarótto -a shepherd's weed, frock, or such garment with a hood. Also a kind of boots of felt, rug, or mats that students use to keep their legs in when they study. p348
Scange -changeable coloured, as we say changeable taffeta p349
Scaperuccia -a pouch, a budget, a scrip. Also a hood or a cowl. p349
Scapigliare -to dishevel, to disorder, to undress or untie one's head or hair. p349
Scapigliara -dishevelled, unkempt, undressed about the head p349
Scapini -linen socks or pumps p349
Scapolare ....also a monk's hood or friar's cowl p349
Scappino -the upper leather of a pair of shoes. Also the clock of a pair of hosen. Also a sock or pump. p349
Scarlatino -the colour we call stammell red. Also scarlet. p350
Scarlato -scarlet cloth, scarlet colour p350
Scalatto as above p350
Scarpette -thin shoes, pumps or socks p350
Scarpini -linen socks. Also dancing pumps or little shoes. p350
Scarsélla -a pocket, a budget, a satchel, a pouch, a falconer's bag p350
Schiavina -an Irish rug, a seaman's gown, an Irish mantle or coarse coverlet p352
Schinieri -greaves or armour pieces for the legs. p353
Sciamito -a kind of sleave, seret or filoselo silk. Also a kind of thin stuff half silk, and half wool like burato p353
Scimare -to shear cloth, to pare or cut off the top p354
Scimatore -a cloth-shearer p354
Scimatura -a shearing of cloth p354
Sciorare as Sciorinare, as Sciornare p354
Sciornare -to hang out clothes in the air, to air, or cool in the wind p354
Sciugamano -a wiper or hand-towel p355
Sciugauifo -a head cloth, a face or head towel p355
Scoffione -a coif, a biggin, or a caul, a kercher p355
Scoffoni -gamashes worn in winter, or upper-stockings p355
Scoio ...also an apron p355
Scolature ...also the skirts of a long garment p355
Scorticatóio -a kind of tool that women use to rub and make their skin smooth with p358
Scórza as Scórza p358
Scossale -a woman's apron p358
Scossalino -a little apron p358
Scosaletto as above p358
Scotonato -bare, threadbare, without a nap or cotton p358
Scótto ...also a kind of coarse woollen stuff p358
Scretiali panni -ragged, rent, tattered, torn clothes, jagged, cut, parti coloured p358
Scrigno -a shrine, a coffin, a standard, a chest, a trunk, or a desk, a casket or other such things wherein jewels and secret things are kept p358
Scriminale ...also a pin or bodkin that women use to divide and shed their hairs with when they dress their heads p359
Scritiare -to spot with diverse colours. Also to lace, fringe or guard garments. p359
Scuffia -a coif, a caul, a biggin, a hood or other women's head attire. p359
Scuffiare -to coif or caul a woman's head p359
Scuffione -a great coif, caul, hood...or biggin p359
Scuscire -to rip, to seam-rent, to unsow p360
Scuscisco as above p360
Scuscito as above p360
Scuscito -ripped, seam-rent, or unsown p360
Sdrucito ...also ripped, seam-rent p360
Sebellini -sable skins or furs p360
Selvietta -a napkin or drinking cloth p362
Semicinto -a garment coming lower than the belly. Also half girt, as we say a half kirtle. p363
Serica -a kind of stuff called fine serge or saye with silk in it p365
Serico -of silk, silken, made of silk, or like silk p365
Serta -a chaplet, a coronet, a circlet or garland or wreath. A tuzzie-muzzy, a sweet posy of flowers. p366
Servietta -a napkin or drinking cloth p366
Sessantina ...also a kind of fine lawn, cambric or fine linen cloth p366
Sestértio -a certain veil or loose garment that men used to cast about them like a sheet, and was so woven that every third thread was bigger than the other two p366
Seta -any kind of silk p366
Setanino -a kind of thin velvet called fefusados (velveteen-like fabric?) p366
Sete -all manner of silks p366
Setino -a kind of thin silk stuff like burato or mockado, silken, made or wrought of silk p367
Setola -any kind of bristle such as they make head brushes of. Also a brush, or comb brush, or beard brush. p367
Setolare -to brush with a brush made of hogs bristles. p367
Setolo -bristles or brushes p367
Setolina -a little fine head, comb or beard brush p367
Sferra -an old cast [off?] suit of apparel, or anything cast and left off. p368
Sfilare -to ravel any cloth or silk p368
Sfilato punto -a kind of stitch in a seam so called p368
Sfilatura -any kind of ravelled stuff or sleave silk, or lint that surgeons use p368
Sfilazza as above p368
Sgalfarone -a kind of broad brimmed hat used in Italy p369
Sgamaiti -certain tools that wool-winders use p369
Sgamaitare -to beat or full woollen cloth in a fulling mill p369
Sibetto -the perfume called civet p369
Silacéo -of yellow colour p371
Siligio -raw, untwisted silk p371
Smancerie -any kind of fine apparel, raiment or ornaments about women rather worn for pleasure than need, any trimming, lacing, fringing, or such ornament to make up any apparel besides the outside. p374
Smanciera -a woman that loves and wastes much to go finely and gay in apparel, and devises daily new fashions p374
Smaniglie -bracelets about the arm p374
Smeraldino -a little emerald. also a kind of green called sea-grass green p374
Smeraldo -a precious stone called an emerald. p374
Smoglia -a washing tub, or a tub to lay clothes in water p375
Smogliare -to lay clothes in water before they be washed p375
Sóccoli -stilts, such as they use to go with in fens....also wooden pattens or chopines p376
Solana -a great broad hat to defend one from the sun p377
Solécchio ...also a fan or canopy, or shade against the sun p377
Solforéo -of, or belonging to, mixed with, or of the colour of brimstone (sulphur) p377
Somaco -a wood to dye black withall called sumach, dyer's sumach, or leather sumach p379
Somacco as above p379
Sopanno -under one's clothes, closely, underhand, under board p380
Sopano as above p380
Soppidiano -a press or wardrobe to lay robes or clothes in p380
Sopréssa -a press for clothes p380
Sopra calcie -upper hosen, boot hosen, drawing slops p380
Sopra ciclo -a canopy, a cloth of estate, a tester for a bed p380
Sopra insegna -an outward sign, token, or garment, an upper garment, a superscription p380
Sopra létto -anything to cover or lay over a bed, a tester of a bed p380
Soprana -an upper garment, a safeguard, a kirtle p380
Soprariccio -pile upon pile, the richest velvet or cloth of gold that is p380
Sopraspalle -a hood or garment over one's shoulders p380
Sopra véste -any kind of upper garment p382
Sopra vestito -covered over, over clad. Also any kind of upper garment p382
Sottana -a petticoat or such undergarment p384
Sóuero -the wood or tree we call cork p385
Souerino -a cork or made of cork p385
Souretti -slippers, pantofles or chopines made high with soles of cork p385
Spadice -a scarlet or red colour p385
Spadico as above p385
Spaghetto -a small thread, or whipcord, a twine-thread p385
Spago -any kind of pack-thread, twine, or twisted cord p385
Spallacci -the pauldrons or shoulder pieces p385
Spalliera -any kind of garment or furniture spread on the ground, bed, tables, or walls, as carpets, hangings, coverlets, or tapestry....also a kind of stuff made for hangings called Darnix. Also a shoulder arming. p385
Spara -a wad of clouts, or wisp of straw on the head to carry upon as our milkmaids use p386
Specchiaro -a looking glass [mirror] maker p387
Specchiera -a looking glass, a mirror p387
Spécchio -a looking glass, a mirror, an example. p387
Spinato -a kind of striped work in silk or linen cloth p390
Spira ...also a certain attire of pearl that women use to wear on their heads made coronet wise called a chaplet p390
Spóglia ...also a raiment, a clothing or weed. p391
Spogliamento as Spóglia p391
Spogliare -to strip, to spoil, to rob, to pray, to disarray, to unrobe, to unfurnish....to pull off one's clothes p391
Spogliaro ...a place where men and women strip themselves before they go into a bath p391
Spóla -a weaver's shuttle, a weaver's role, spooling wheel or quill turn, as weavers call it p391
Spoladora -a weaver's warp p391
Spolare -to work with a shuttle p391
Stagliare -to cut in pieces, to jag, to pink or welt as garments be p394
Stamaivolo -a draper, a dresser, or maker of flannels, a dresser of wool p395
Stame thread, yarn, stamine,....stammell, or a web. Also a thread or spinning. Also a kind of cloth as our penni-stone or stammell is. Also flax, hemp, or wool, or any other spinning stuff, or that is in the loom to be woven. p395
Stametto -a kind of woollen stuff called saye, sarge, or such flannel stuff p395
Stampélla -a kind of religious garment p395
Stanélla -a poor shepherd's garment or frock p395
Steccadenti -a toothpick p396
Stei -flocks of coarse silk p396
Stemme -a garland of flowers p396
Stentali -the selvedge or lists of cloth p397
Stibio ....it is also taken for a kind of stuff that women use to make their brows black and smooth with p397
Stivalaio -a boot-maker p397
Stivalare -to boot, or put on boots p397
Stivali -boots to ride with p397
Stivaletti -thin boots or buskins p397
Stomacino -a stomacher for the stomach, a bib such as children use p399
Straccale ---also a rowle (roll?) of linen that some old women use to wear about their neck p400
Stracciaria -such a place as long lane is in London where old rags and clothes are to be sold p400
Stracciarvólo -a botcher, a patcher or mender of old clothes. Also a fripper or broker that sells old clothes. p400
Strascino -a Prince's or any woman's trail or train of her garment p402
Strassico as above p402
Stravestire -to disguise or shift in apparel, to mask, to counterfeit p402
Stravesto as above p402
Stravestito as above p402
Strenga -a point to truss hosen with p402
Strangaio -a point maker p402
Strettóia -a press to press napkins, cheese, letters, or caps p402
Stringa -a point with a tag p402
Stringaio -a point maker p402
Stringare -to point, to truss with points p402
Stringato -pointed or trussed with points p402
Stringhette -little, small points, laces, ribands, strings, or such bindings p403
Stringolare -to point, to lace, or to string p403
Striscia -a list or selvedge of any cloth or other thing p403
Strisciare ....Also to lay a counterfeit colour upon anything or to paint as women do their faces p403
Strisciatura ....a painting of a woman's face p403
Striscio -a kind of painting that women use for their faces, .... a smoothing p403
Struccare -to squeeze, to crush, to press, to wrench, to wring clothes, to string silk p403
Struccatóio -anything to squeeze, crush, press, wrench, or wring clothes with. p403
Stuccio -a little pocket case with scissors, penknives, and such trifles in them p403
Stucietto as above p404
Stucchio -any fine little case, namely a comb-case p404
Stufa -a stews, a bath, a hothouse p404
Stufare -to stew meat, to stews, or bath in a hot house p404
Subia -a shoemaker's awl p405
Súbero -the light wood called cork p405
Súccida -new-shorn wool, unwashed, greasy p405
Succineo -of or belonging to amber p405
Sudario -a towel, a napkin, a wiper, a rubber, a handkercher p405
Sugaro -the wood or tree called cork p405
Suggésto ....also a high bush or round tuft of hair, which ancient matrons were wont to roll somewhat high upon their heads.... p407
Sughero -the light wood called cork. Also a device made of bladders or cork to fasten to one's shoulders to learn to swim with, that children use in Italy. p407
Sumacchio -a drug to dye black with called Sumacke p407
Suóla -a sole of a shoe or such p407
Suolare -to sole a pair of shoes.... p407
Suólo ....a sole of a shoe p407
Suretti -slippers, chopines, or pantofles with high cork soles p409
Sutore -a shoemaker p409
Sutório -belonging to a shoemaker p409
Suvero -the wood called cork p410

 

 

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Tabaro as Tabarro p410
Tabarrare -to cover, to array, to cloak or en-mantle with a riding cloak p410
Tabarrino -a slender, little riding cloak, or shepherd's frock p410
Tabarro -any kind of riding or shepherd's cloak, robe, or mantle p410
Tabi -a kind of thin silk stuff called tabis, tissue, or bisse, or tabin p410
Taffetà -all manner of taffeta p410
Taffetado as above p410
Tagliare -to cut, to slice, to hew, to mince, to shred, to slash, to gash, to score, to jag, to tally, to back, to reap, or mow corn or grass, to carve, or to make incision, to pare or clip round. p410
Tagliamento -a cutting, a slicing, a mincing, a shredding, a reaping, a mowing. An incision, a gash, a slash p411
Tagliarélli -little shreds or cutting pieces p411
Tagliarini as above p411
Tagliatura as Tagliamento p411
Tagliata -a cutting, a gashing, a slashing, a cut or a gash p411
Taglietti -cuttings, shreds, jags or little cuts p411
Taglij -cuts, slashes, gashes, pinks, jags, cuttings, incisions, shreds, slicings.... p411
Taglio -a cut, a slash, a gash, a pink, a jag, a cutting and incision, a shred, a slice... p411
Tagliuzzare -to slice, to cut, to jag, to pink any thing small, namely garments p411
Tagliuzzatore -a slicer, a cutter, a pinker or jagger p411
Tagliuzzi -small pinks, cuts or jags in clothes p411
Talare -a long garment down to the ankle p411
Talodino -a kind of tawney colour p411
Tanè -tawney colour p412
Taneto as above p412
Tapeto -a carpet for a board p412
Tapezzare -to hang or cover or dight with tapestry p412
Tapezzarie -all manner of hangings or tapestry work p412
Tapezziero -a weaver or worker of tapestry works. Also an upholsterer. p412
Tapsia -an herb yellow like gold to dye withall p412
Tasca -a pouch, a pocket, a bag, a budget, a purse, a satchel.... p412
Tascare -to put up into a bag, pouch or pocket p412
Tela -any kind of web or woven cloth so it be not of wool p414
Tela d'argento -cloth of tissue or silver p414
Tela di lino -any kind of linen cloth p414
Tela di sangallo -the stuff we call buckram. Also calico p414
Tela d'oro -cloth of tissue or gold p414
Telami ...all manner of linen cloth p414
Telarino -a little loom for a weaver p414
Telaro -a loom to weave withall. Also a printer's frame for his letters. Also any frame else as for a picture or a looking glass, or a map. p414
Telarvólo -a linen draper. Also a little loom. Also a weaver of anything p414
Telerie -all manner of linen cloths or weavings p414
Teletta ....also fine tinsel, tissue, or linen cloth p414
Teletta d'oro -tinsel or tissue of gold p414
Tempestare ....also to engrail, to beset, to impale with precious stones p414
Tempiale -the name of a weaver's too. Also the flaps or labels that hang down by the ears of a night-cap, or bishop's mitre. p414
Tenia -a woman's head band, fillet or lace to tie up her hair, the knot or fastening of a fillet also a roll that women were wont to wear on their heads. Also a woollen ornament like a turban that men were wont to wear on their heads. p414
Tentipellione -a medicine of instrument to make the skin plain and without wrinkles p414
Tentipelone as above p414
Tento -dyed or coloured of any colour p414
Tentore -a dyer of colours p414
Tentoria -a dyer's house. Also the art of dying. p414
Tentura -a dye, a dyeing, or colouring, a hue p414
Tenturare -to dye or to colour p414
Terligia -a kind of sack-cloth worn in doublets and hosen in Italy p417
Terlisa as above p418
Terzanéllo -a kind of slight silken stuff made of seret or filosella silk p418
Téssere -to weave, to work, to contrive.... p418
Tesso as above p418
Tessei as above p418
Tesserino -a weaver. Also a kind of fine stuff like silk mockado, or calimanco p418
Tessuto -woven, wrought.... p418
Tessimento -a weaving, a web.... p418
Tessitore -a weaver... p418
Tessitrice -a woman weaver, used also for a spinner p418
Tessitura -as Tessimento p418
Testiéra -a tester or head of any thing as of a bed, a headpiece or helmet... p419
Thalasio -a sea-water green colour p419
Thalassino as above p419
Thessalico -a kind of purple colour p419
Tiara -a turban, or round wreath of line for the head such as the Turks use to wear p420
Tibiale -a leg harness or greave p421
Timpano ....also a bell-pearl fashioned like a bell p421
Tinélla -a tray, a milk-pan, a washing bowl, a little tub p421
Tinéllo -a tub, vat, a hutch....a brewing vat or vessel, a bathing tub. p421
Tinta -a dye, a hue, a dyeing, a colour, or colouring p421
Tinto -dyed or coloured, dipped or washed in any colour p421
Tintore -a dyer of colours p421
Tintoria -a dyer's work-house, the trade of dyeing p421
Tintura -a dyeing or colouring p421
Tirante -breeches or hosen in pedlar's French or rogues language p421
Tirare -to draw, to pull, .... to pluck, to attract, to tug, to shrink, to bring or lead towards one, to withdraw p421
Tirato -drawn, pulled, .... plucked, retired, thrown, cast, flung, hurled.... p422
Tistera -the cape of any garment, a hood of a cloak p422
Tocca d'oro -a kind of tinsel of gold p423
Toccato d'oro as above p423
Tonaca -a coat or a jacket, or a sleeveless coat. Also a petticoat, or kirtle.... p423
Tonica -a religious long garment, a cassock, a frock, a coat, or jacket. As Tonaca. p423
Tonicella -a body coat, a waist-coat, a petticoat, a little frock or cassock p423
Topatio -a precious stone called a topaz, of the colour of gold, and shining much in thick darkness p424
Topazo as above p424
Torace -the breast or bulk of a man. Also the middle space between the neck and the thighs (torso), also a placket or stomacher, a breastplate or corselet for the body p424
Torcéllo -a wreath, or wisp of anything rolled up round, that women use to set upon their heads to carry any burden... p424
Torchino -blue colour p424
Torna sole -the turnsole flower so called because it turns with the sun. Also changeable silk. p425
Tornéllo -a turners wheel. Also a spinning wheel p425
Tovaglia -a table-cloth, a boards cloth p426
Tovaglietta -a little tablecloth, a cupboard cloth, a napkin p427
Tovaglivólo -a towel, a napkin, a drinking cloth p427
Trabacche -pavilions, tents, booths, bowers, shelters, shrouds. Also sparuises (?) of beds, valances or curtains for beds. p427
Traetta -a trail or train, or border of a garment. p427
Tralacciare -to interlace, or tie together p427
Trama -a web, a weavers woof in weaving.... p427
Tramare -to weave, to warp... p427
Tramatore -a weaver, a warper... p427
Tramezzare ....to interweave, to interlace..... p428
Tramezzura -an interlacing, an interweaving p428
Trampoli -stilts, or high chopines p428
Trapungere -to prick, to pierce or sting through. Also to quilt, to stitch, to embroider, to counter-point. p429
Trapungo as above p429
Trapunsi as above p429
Trapunto as above. p429
Trapunto -Pricked, stitched, pierced, or stung through, quilted, embroidered or counter-pointed... p429
Trarre as Tirare p429
Traggo as Tirare p429
Trassi as Tirare p429
Tratto as Tirare p429
Travérla ....also a woman's safeguard or kirtle.... p430
Treaggio -a kind of coarse home spun cloth that shepherds use to wear p431
Trecciare -to plait, to tie, to trammel, to roll up in tresses as women do their hair p431
Treccie -plaits, tresses, tramels, or rolls of women's hair p431
Treccivoli -tramels, tressels, tapes, filets, laces, or ribands to tie women's hair p431
Tremolante ....Also gold foil, thin leaves of gold, silver, or other metals. Also aglets or spangles. p431
Trezzare as Trecciare p432
Trezze as Treccie p432
Trinci -guardings, fringings, lacings, jaggings, hemmings, weltings or other ornaments of garments. Also cuts, jags, or snips in garments p433
Trine -cuts, jags, snips, or such cutting or pinching, pink work in garments p433
Trine velutate -a kind of silken stuff so called p433
Trippa -a kind of tripe (?) that they make women's saddles with called fustian of Naples p433
Turbante -a turban, that is a round wreathed round attire of white linen, as all the Turks wear on their heads. It is just like a top or a gig that children play with all turned upside down. p436
Turchesa -a blue precious stone called a Turquoise p437
Turchesca as Turchesa. Also Turkish. p437
Turchina -as Turchesa. Also blue, azure or sky colour. p437
Turchino -blue, azure, watchet, or bisse colour. p437
Tutulo -the top of the hair wound with a purple lace, or the crown of a matron's head, proper to the high priest's wife to discern her from other women. p437

 

 

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Ucchiéllo -an eyelet hole, a buttonhole p440
Ulivale -inclining to the colour of olives p452
Ulivastro -brown, or of the colour of olives p452
Umbélla -a little shadow, a little round thing that women bear in their hands to shadow them. Also a broad brimmed hat to keep off heat and rain. Also a kind of round thing like a round screen that gentlemen use in Italy in time of summer or when it is very hot, to keep the sun from them when they are riding by the way... p453
Umbrélla as above p453
Unguentaio -an ointment or slave maker. Also a perfumer, one that makes sweet oils and sells them. p453
Unguentaria -the art or craft of making sweet ointments or oils. p453
Unguentare -to slave or anoint, to use unctions. p453
Unguento -an ointment or a salve, or an unction. Also a perfume, or sweet oil, a liquid perfume, ointment or salve consisting of grease, fat, and liquors mingled with oil. p453
Unicolore -of one colour p454
Urlare ...also to hem, or welt a garment. p457
Urlo ....also a hem, or welt of any seam. p457
Usatti -buskins, short, thin boots. Also high clownish shoes p457
Usolieri -laces, points, or ribands with tags, such as women lace or tie their petticoats. Also shirt strings, or filets. p457
Ustulare -to burn or sear a thing. Also to frizz or curl. p457

 

 

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Vacchetta -a little heifer, or young cow. Also neates leather. p437
Vaccina as above. Of a cow or neates leather. p437
Vacile -a basin to wash hands in, a laver p437
Vadetti ....also taken for buttonholes. p437
Vadia -some kind of mournful habit that the widows in Venice wear. p437
Vagina -a sheath for a knife, a scabbard for a rapier, a case of leather. p437
Vaiaro -a furrier or skinner p437
Vaio -a kind of rich fur called gray miniver p437
Vai as above p437
Val costura -the seam valley.... p438
Val drappa -a foot cloth to ride withall p438
Valenzana -a kind of saye, serge, or stuff to make curtains for beds with p438
Valenzana del létto -the valances of a bed p438
Valigia -a male, a cloak-bag, a budget, a portmanteau p438
Valigietta -a little male, budget, or cloak-bag p438
Vallonia -a kind of bark of a tree that tanners use to tan leathers p438
Vannare ....Also to flutter with wings, or to fan with feathers p438
Vanno -a fan... p438
Vari -a kind of fur called gray miniver p439
Variato -varied....wrought with diverse colours.... p439
Varotaio -a skinner or furrier p439
Vascapo -a kind of monk's habit p439
Vaso di zibetto -a civet box p439
Vegentana -a kind of precious stone found in Italy, of a black colour, mingled with white spots p441
Vela -any kind of sail for a ship. Also a veil or shadowing, a covering, a curtain. p441
Velame -all kinds of sails, veils, lawns, shadows, or coverings or curtains p441
Velare ....also to veil, to cover, to hide, to shadow, to curtain, .... to apparel p441
Velaregli -bone-graces, shadows, veils or lawns that women use to wear on their foreheads for the sun p441
Veletta ....also a kind of fine lawn or cypress p441
Velettaro -a veil or cypress maker p441
Velette ...also kind of soldier's garment or horseman's coat p441
Veletto -a little veil, lawn, cypress, shadow or bone-grace as women wear on their heads p441
Vello -a fleece of wool, a fell or skin that has wool on p441
Velo -a rail, a cypress or lawn as women wear in Italy... p441
Velutaro -a weaver or maker of velvets p441
Velutato -made soft or woolly, or wrought as velvet is p441
Velutino -fine, slender, coarse, refusado velvet (velveteen-like fabric?) p441
Veluto -a stuff of silk called velvet p441
Veluto figurato -figured velvet, or wrought velvet p441
Veluto riccio -unshorn velvet p441
Vendi téla -a linen draper, or a seamster p442
Veneto -a light or Venice blue, a Turquoise colour p442
Ventaglio -a fan or van of feathers. Also a flip flip or anything to make wind with. p443
Ventaio as above p443
Ventrale -a stomacher, an apron or other garment that covers the belly p443
Verdegiallo -a yellowish green p444
Verdone -a kind of dark French green p444
Vergare ....also to work any woven stuff with striped work as canvas is p444
Vergato ....also laced or laid over as a garment with stripes, or rays of gold or anything else p444
Vergolato -wrought or woven with stripes, as striped canvas is p444
Vergole -the stripes that are woven in any canvas.... p444
Vermiglio -red or vermilion colour. Also a kind of silk worm. p444
Vernice ....also a kind of binding silken lace or riband... p444
Vérso ....also according to the hair or wool (nap) or true bias.... p445
Vertice ....also the seam in the head that runs from the middle of the forehead directly over the crown to the neck, and divides the head and hair into two parts, as it is easily to be seen in a woman's head, when the hair falls half to the right side of the head, and half on the left side. (part) p445
Verticello -a whorne or whorl, or whirl of lead or stone that spinners use to put upon their spindles p445
Verzinare -to colour red with brazil (wood) p446
Verzino -brazil wood or fernanbucke to dye red withall p446
Vesta -any kind of garment, robe, mantle, attire, clothing, suit, vesture, a weed, vestment, or habit.... p446
Veste as above p446
Vestiaria -a vestry, a place where garments are sold, or wardrobe where apparel is kept and laid up p446
Vestiario -one that sells clothes ready made. Also a wardrobe keeper, or yeoman of a wardrobe p446
Vesticcivole -a pillow-beares (pillowcase/slip?), or tykes for beds, cases for anything. Also poor simple clothes p446
Vestimento -as Vesta p446
Vestire -to clothe, to apparel, to attire, to cover, to array, to deck, to garnish, to enrobe, to adorn, to invest. Also any suit of apparel, vestment, or attire. p446
Vesto as above p446
Vestij as above p446
Vestito as above p446
Vestiri -all manner of clothing, or suits of apparel p446
Vestito alla francese -apparelled after the French fashion p446
Vestito di corrotto -clad in mourning weeds p446
Vestito di duólo -clad in mourning clothes p446
Vestura -any kind of vesture or garment p446
Vezzo ....also a chain or file of pearls, a carcanet, a necklace, an ornament or collar worn about the neck for a grace p446
Violacéo -a kind of purple or violet colour. Also like a violet p450
Violato ....also a colour called a violet colour, a purple, a puke (puce?), or a French russet p450
Violetto -a violet or purple colour, or a kind of French russet p450
Violettino as above p450
Visaruola -a vizard, a mask.... p450
Viscappa -a double, or a lined cloak p450
Visiera ....Also a vizard or a mask, a pair of spectacles p450
Vitta -a kind of linen veil, coif, headband or hairlace, wherewith the priests wives did tie their hair, a riband, a garland, or wreath for the head p452
Vivagno -the hem, skirt or welt of a garment p452
Vizza -a wrinkle, a wrimple, to wither, to fade, to droop, to crumple... p452
Vizzo -full of wrimples, wrinkles, as old women's faces, crumpled, faded, drooped .... as garments will be p452
Vizzoso as above p452
Voltélla -an instrument or pair of pincers to pluck out hairs by the roots p455
Voltorino ....also a kind of gray colour p455
Vosatti -buskins, or high clownish shoes p456

 

 

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Záccare -the spots of dirt that a long garment gathers about the skirts p458
Zaffara -an iron hook or drag that dyers use to draw their clothes (cloth?) out of their fats or vats p459
Zaffiro ....also a precious stone called a Sapphire p459
Zaffranare -to dress or dye with saffron p459
Zafiro -a precious stone called a Sapphire p459
Zagarélla -any kind of list, hem, or lace or welt about the skirts of a garment... p459
Zaino -a little leather budget, a palmer's scrip p459
Zalolino -a kind of pale wan colour p459
Zamara/Zimarra -a rug, a frieze gown, ... a shepherd's frock or mantle p459
Zambellótto -a kind of stuff called chamblet p459
Zarzecano -a kind of coarse cloth that Moors make and weave p460
Zattera ....also a wooden bar that dyers or cloth-workers use to carry their clothes (cloth?) to and fro between two men, a two-handed barrow p460
Zazzera -a bush, a tuft or lock of hair of a man's head, namely before p460
Zazzerina -a little bush, tuft, or lock of hair upon a man's forehead p460
Zeganélla -such small fine net work or open work as gentlewomen use to make and wear upon their heads in cauls p460
Zendado -a kind of fine thin silken stuff called taffeta sarcenet or sendall p460
Zendalo as above p460
Zendali -the labels that hang down a bishop's mitre, sendals p460
Zeffare -to chalk, to mark with chalk p460
Zeffo -white chalk or marking stone p460
Zibellini -the rich fur called sable p460
Zibettini -pomanders made of musk or civet p460
Zimarra -...also an Irish rug, or such coarse garment  
Zinale -an apron. Also a child's bib to put before his breast. p461
Zoccolanti -certain Franciscan friars that go in wooden pattens, slippers, startops, or galages. p461
Zoccoletti -little or low pattens, startops, galages or chopines of wood p461
Zóccoli -wooden pattens or chopines that women use to wear.... p461
Zolaia -a spur leather. Also the latch or latchet of a shoe p461
Zoppélli as Zóccoli p461

 

 

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© 2001 - 2011 Anabella Wake (Known in the SCA as Bella Lucia da Verona) I hold copyright on all information on these pages, and on all images of clothing/costume that I have made. You are allowed to make one facsimile copy for your own use provided that this notice is included on each page. Please ask permission to copy, disseminate and/or distribute my work - I would like to know when and how you are finding this information of use.